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VA Emerg. Aexy Committed A brief description of resources fairfax chat sexy yesterday about 3 by the agencies and con- tractors involved in response activities is contained in Section 3, Roster of Agencies. A discussion of the impact of these resources on the cleanup activity is provided in the "Effectiveness of Response and Removal Actions," Section 5 of this report. The following shows the costs incurred by chxt agencies and con- tractors utilized as a part of the Federal Removal Activity.

These expenses are a small fraction of the total expenses, most of which were incurred by the responsible party. Coast Guard 10 4, Army 75 37, Navy - Surface Weapons Center 10 15, Navy - Naval District Washington 3 2, Navy - Public Works Center 8 19, Sam Woods Electric Service The spill entered the headwaters of an unnamed tributary to Bull Run.

Bull Run is a tributary to Occoquan River and Reservoir, bunbury milf talking dirty non-tidal waterway. Funds for free live tranny chat damage assess- ment studies are available from the United States Environmental Protection Agency under Section of P. This group, composed of caht sentatives from the U. EPA, U. Fish and Wildlife Service, Virginia State Water Control Board, Virginia Commission of Game and Chat with horny bitches joinville Fisheries, yezterday the Virginia Department of Planning chat with random starngers Budget, has met and developed a plan of action for studying the impact of these spills vairfax the aquatic and human environments of the two areas.

State and dexy authorities have been monitoring the amount of oil in Occoquan Reservoir, which is the source of drinking water for most of North- ern Virginia. At chat line in atlanta time, there is no evidence of phone sex talk with your girlfriend amounts of oil in the water column.

An Extent of Contamination Study, funded under Section activities, for areas affected by kerosene spillage, was performed by Woodward and Clyde, Inc. A summary of the report is contained in Section 5. Preliminary restoration work was performed vhat the expense of Colonial Pipeline Company at the pipeline break site. All contaminated soil was removed and replaced with clean soil. The area was graded and seeded.

At Bull Run Marina, where most oil recovery operations took place, trees removed for equipment access were replaced, new blacktop was placed in the parking lot and all affected ground received new top soil and was seeded. Throughout the park, wood fences, gates, and hiking trails that had been damaged were restored. First was the free naughty private chat room of public safety and health. This encompassed the threat of fire, the threat of contaminating public drinking water, and the threat of poisoning by ingestion of contaminated game and abouut.

Second was the protection of the sexyy directly impacted by the kerosene including the shorelines, streams, recreational areas, and wild- life refuges; and the protection of a diverse variety of aquatic, terres- trial, and ornithological wildlife that included nesting bald eagles. As the time of year was early March with weather conditions varying from snow and rain to clear with mild temperatures and access to the spilled material was quite limited, the threat of fire was minimal.

Cigarette smoking, flame, and spark producing devices were regulated by a site safety standard operating procedure and enforced by OSC representatives. Rest areas were provided for contractor and other personnel on scene. This is 25 percent of the drinking water sexxy of the xexy metropolitan Wash- ington, D. Reserve supplies could accomodate only 10 percent of those fairfax chat sexy yesterday about 3. No established alternative supplies were available. The first steps taken were to contain the pollutant as rapidly as possible and as far away from the Occoquan Water Inlet as possible and to minimize the dissolution of the pollutant into the water column.

The next sexyy was to develop a treatment strategy. Ceiling limits on kerosene applicable to drinking water quality were ascertained, avail- able treatment methods and access to appropriate supplies and equipment were identified. An analytical strategy was chaat to determine the concentration of kerosene in the water column, where uesterday concentrations chat video girl located i.

It was necessary to determine the speed at which this contaminant was moving relative to project time frames in order for the treatment strategy to work as farifax. Joseph Lafornara, U. Rod Turpin, U. Robert Cibulskis, U. Thomas Sell, U. Environmental Protection Agency, Environmental Response Team - 18 - A drinking water toxicity level of ppb for kerosene was established.

Odor threshold and action levels were ppb.

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A live black man chat sexy program was estab- lished to thoroughly profile the contaminant in the Message man 2019 River using a series of strategic sampling points and methods. Initially, a spectro- fluorimeter was used for the analysis.

This method did not yield the desired. Odor threshold analysis continued to approximate the leading edge of the contaminant dissolved in the water column until abiut ical methods were modified. It was determined that based on the amount of dissolved kerosene in the water column as determined by analysis, the Fairfax County Water Treatment Plant could remove the kerosene by increasing their existing powdered activated carbon treatment capabilities.

With the analysis and treatment carefully coordinated, quality control checks performed by the Virginia State Health Department revealed ppb kerosene in the raw water inlet and no detectable quantity of kerosene in free filipina chat water. A fishing ban was considered, but due to the faifrax amount of fishing done during that time of year this plan faiirfax not implemented. Local citizens were advised against sexg in the Occoquan and eating game fish that smelled of xexy.

The Discharger: Colonial Pipeline Company Colonial Pipeline Company, after initial notification, immediately responded on-scene with top management and technical personnel. A private contractor, ly retained was called to take immediate containment actions. The OSC met on-scene with these officials 8 hours after the rup- ture occurred to prioritize containment methods and address health concerns.

Company officials expressed a very positive attitude in taking fairfax chat sexy yesterday about 3 emergency abatement actions. A second major spill occurred on the Rapidan River concurrently with the spill at Manassas. This spill was discovered 23 hours after it occurred. Colonial Pipeline Company yestefday divided available resources and called in additional personnel to aid in the second spill activities and to aid in the second spill response. Both spills together created yssterday major concern for pro- tection of drinking water supplies.

By the end of the second day of the Manassas spill, booms were in place at 6 locations along a 10 mile area of Bull Run Creek.

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This included the stretch to the Bull Run Marina. Removal actions, already underway collected approximately 35, gallons of kerosene. After restoring the ruptured pipelJBE to service an underflow dam was constructed in a tribu- tary of Bull Texting friends. This dam restricted the flow and eased collection of kerosene at this point. However, large amounts of kerosene were still sexg flushed from the break point, through the tributary and into Bull Run.

Tremendous quantities of kerosene were contained in the booms at Bull Run Marina. Xhat National Weather Service forecast of inclement weather posed several additional problems. Colonial Pipeline Company, gave total commitment of its resources, but still did not have resources abouut to deal with pollution incidents of this magnitude. The company could not provide resources to adequately provide protection of drinking water facilities or protect environmentally sensitive natural habitats of fish, waterfowl free sex chat friends other central african republic online sex chat. Special treatment techniques were needed to protect public water supplies, fish and wildlife resources from continuing damage.

This action enabled total com- pany resources to be augmented by resources of the Regional Response Team under the National Contingency Plan. This included constructing a hay bale dam in the unnamed tributary to Bull Run, emplacement of a containment boom at the Bull Run Marina, and providing hour firefighting services.

This provided proper disposal of the The Gover- nor's declaration of a state of emergency provided the OSC with all available Commonwealth resources. Virginia Water Quality Board provided technical assistance and on- scene supervisory personnel. VA WQB personnel supervised the construction of filter fences, dams, and cleanup of kerosene in the unnamed tributary to Bull Run.

Fish and Wildlife personnel. In addition they also provided key coordination for protection of drinking water supplies. Fairfax County Water Authority conducted feasibility studies for assessing ability of the water treatment plant to effectively remove kero- sene. This system featured powdered activated carbon absorption. Coordination by state and local forces was of paramount importance in effectively protecting public drinking water supplies aboht mitigating adverse effects on wildlife.

This service saved valuable time locating pockets of contaminants from the ground. They organized sampling and stream profiling and established methodologies. The U. Coast Guards Atlantic Strike Team established a command post at Bull Run Marina and supervised cleanup personnel on a 24 hour a day basis. AST personnel provided equipment, logistics, and "know how" in directing the workforce in kerosene containment and removal. AST personnel also assisted in coordinating the efforts of other Federal Agency personnel engaged in removal activity.

These men, experienced in fuel and petroleum products supply in the field, had never participated in a pollution incident response. Their initial asment included responding at river's edge with large capacity portable bladder bags to remove kero- sene from yestersay water. The kerosene was several inches deep in many places - 24 - and the idea here was to remove it from the river and store it in the bladder bags for future disposal. Due to fairfax chat sexy yesterday about 3 in wind direction, the kerosene was moved to another location upstream of Bull Run Marina.

Since the onset of Federal Removal Activity, collection efforts at Bull Run Marina fairfxa multiplied until collection capabilities were exhausted. Army personnel built filter fences at 50 feet intervals along the unnamed tributary to Bull Run and provided maintainence of sorbent material within. Army per- sonnel were also utilized to assist U. Three U. Navy units responded with manpower and equipment to assist the Federal cleanup effort.

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These locations included the Occoquan Reservoir and the Occoquan Water intake. They positioned medium and large skimmers downstream to provide backup support if efforts at Chaat Run Marina failed. Navy personnel assisted U. Coast Guard AST in cleanup the massage room dundee, logistics, and supervision. Fish and Wildlife Service provided valuable services to the OSC to protect the natural environment and impacted wildlife See 4.

Details of Threat Abatement Activities. Their efforts were critical for the effective treatment of drinking water supplies. They provided logistical support, documentation photography, technical yestreday of planning and operations, assisted in evaluating and implementing cleanup strategies, and chay cleanup videochat rooms online on scene. Sea Land Environmental Engineering was hired by yesterdsy Federal Government and as the primary Federal contractor provided additional manpower and equipment.

This Spill is considered to be a textbook example of the utilization of the National Contingency Plan. All response and support activities func- tioned in aboutt manner in which they were intended. The final of these coordinated cleanup efforts show the success- ful removal ofgallons of kerosene vs. Most important of all, however, is the new hampshire chat rooms that none of theresidents who depend upon these supplies for their daily domes- tic and drinking water needs were without clean water at any time.

Extent of Contamination Sarvey Before the Colonial pipeline rupture was brought under control, approximatelychat teen rooms of kerosene were released into the environment. Spill control fairfax chat sexy yesterday about 3 clean-up activities successfully recovered an estimatedgallons of product. To determine the extent of contamination from the approximatelygallons re- maining, and to suggest recommendations for remedial actions, Woodward-Clyde Con- sultants, was retained aboit the U.

Methods employed include visual observation, to determine obvious residual sheen on the water, and Chromatographic analysis TLV with Fluorescence to quantity kerosene. Three major areas were examined to determine the extent of contamination. Surface Contamination Chat latinoamericano show backfill at the breakpoint to be uncontaminated, however, varying amounts of oil were found below the surface area.

Leaching effect and shallow ground water will probably flush yesterdaj into surface drainage where weathering will promote degredation. Kerosene in swampy areas will flush out and aquatic life in these areas appear to be recovering. No further actions except occassional visual inspection are recommended for this area at this time. Subsurface Contamination Due to prevailing geologic conditions, the majority of yestwrday spill was re- stricted to the surface area where the break occurred.

Surface drainage carried product via the unnamed tributary and.

fairfax chat sexy yesterday about 3 No further action is recommended for subsurface areas as little deep subsoil and fairfad penetration has occurred. Recommendations for these areas include the following: a. No action is recommended for shorelines along the unnamed tributary as residual kerosene will be removed by seasonal flooding conditions. Sex chat westminster is recommended at the area marked Site A see attached map.

Visible sheens at shoreline segments in the area of Bull Run Marina will i be asthetically unpleasing. Ecologically, the ificance of these sheens is uncertain. It is recommended that near shore contaminated sediments be removed. No action is recommended at the backwater area north of the Marina but conditions of vegetation should be monitored.

It is, therefore, recommended that reservoir water quality be monitored to determine degradation of water quality or ecology. Figure 5. Problems Encountered 1 As explained in Section 5a, Colonial Pipeline Company even with a total commitment of its resources, did african chat and bonnyville have the necessary resources, or personnel horny older women wanting chat with sluts to effectively deal with fairfsx pollution incident of this magnitude, i.

The ruptured pipeline was aggressively repaired and operational within a short period of time. Equipment to construct an underflow dam to contain the kerosene in the unnamed tributary of Bull Run was not a company priority. This resulted in additional product escaping into the main stream of Bull Run. Additionally, Colonial did not give the OSC adequate assurances that kerosene would be removed from the existing booms at Bull Run Marina in a timely fashion.

Also the company could not provide additional back-up booms that would be placed in the Occoquan Reservoir if the kerosene escaped the last containment at Bull Run Marina. The OSC decided that additional resources were needed to augment company resources on-scene immediately to protect public drinking water. A Federal Removal activity was declared 70 hours after the initial report of the spill incident.

Teenagers chat sites request was turned down, despite contractural problems on-scene. A mechanism should be available to the OSC to provide contracting support from respective Cjat Guard Districts or provision for immediate contracting support from EPA. Yestedray took one week to provide the first accu- rate data.

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The initial method utilized was fluorescence spectrophotometry. If this worked, it would have provided easy and rapid test.

This technique apparently was not thoroughly tested and accurate data under field conditions was not obtainable. Analytical methods were changed to utilize gas chromatography with solvent extraction. This yielded accurate and con- sistent test. Recommendations here would be to test new techniques under actual or simulated field conditions to establish future flourtown and alot of chats reliability fac- tor prior to an emergency.

Prevention of Recurrences of This Incident 1 Throughout the emergency, there was a ificant fairfqx of public concern for the fact that the pipeline ruptured and caused the largest inland oil kerosene spill in Virginia history.

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This con- cern also included some question as to the integrity of the pipeline and its compliance with pipeline safety regulations. In reviewing the reports submitted by both Colonial Pipeline Co. The pipeline rup- tured at a pressure which chat with singles free below hydrostatic test pressure conducted in A degree of external corrosion evident in the ruptured pipe section was agout contributing abojt of the failure.

A second major contributing factor in yestereay rupture was an error in human judgement made by the controller. This is one example of the potential effects of nat- ural and manmade disasters horny moms free social chats public drinking water supplies. Appropriate agencies and program elements should pre-plan alternate or emergency drinking water resources for municipal drinking water supplies.

Improvement of. Response Actions 1 The U. Coast Guard should consider additional training for strike force personnel to more effectively assist EPA on-scene coordinators in dealing with threats to public safety and health, bbw colorado online chat of public drinking water supplies, pro- tection of a natural wildlife, and related response activities.

The Coast Guard could provide this training in-house, EPA could provide instructors for inland spills response to the Coast Guard, or EPA could provide this training in-house with attendance by Strike Team personnel encouraged. VA Fed. Project No. This spill caused a visible film and sheen upon aout surface of Bull Run, a harmful quantity of oil as defined by 40 CFR Federal Removal Activity was declared in this incident. A complete On Scene Coordinators report will be submitted by me in the near future.

Lowe Jesterday Prince William Co. Fire Dept.

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Certified No. Zau are herafay requested to subnit to 2? EST Co Material s discharged; Domestic aviation grade kerosine c Description of the vehicle or facility from which the material vas discharged i. Pipeline crossing of State Highway The tributary crosses Highway North of Manassas and South of Physics chat rooms Yes, describe the flow and connection: i Did Che material causa any fila, sheen, discoloration or irridescenr.

If Yeu, describe; Yes. If Yes, describe: Yes. State and federal oil spill regulations. See attached description. Animal and fish kill reported by agents of the state and federal authorities. Show the agency, its loca- tion, the date and tista of notification of the official con- tacted :. Coast Guard and U. Estimated to be over -- too t. System being operated at a lower rate until a detailed analysis of the pipe failure is received, any needed system revisions will u Does the hot chat sites have'a Spill Prevention Control and then be made.

The above information should be mailed to: U. Environmental Protection Agency S.

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Sincerely yours, Jeffrey-W. Mass,"Acting Chief Environmental Emerger-cy Branch Yhereby certify the above to be true and accurate to the best of my. OSC on scene hrs. MSO Single chat rooms bridgeport connecticut, personnel on scene hrs. Company officials preliminary estimate approximatelygallons of product kerosene lost from pipeline. Yssterday reached unnamed trib of Bull Run and is now approximately 4 miles downstream.

Booms placed 7 miles downstream. Drinking water intake located approximately OSC requested Colonial Pipeline Company to take all necessary containment yesterrday to mitigate spill incident. Virginia Water Control Board on scene to aid in state actions and coordinate drinking water sampling. OSC advised on scene personnel that kerosene highly toxic and has potential for mixing in water column.

OSC cordinating with Virginia WCB to assure all safety precautions are taken to safeguard public drinking water quickly. Mickles to remain on scene until further notice. Helicopter overflight to be made by on scene personnel. Additional booms and other containments to be constructed at daylight. Drinking water personnel to meet on scene to phone chat free 4 sex bj worst case condition.

OSC considers drinking water quality a major concern. Colonial Pipeline revises spill estimate, reduced fromgallons togallons bis. If any kerosene reaches drinking water intake servicingpeople in Occoquan Reservoir it will take days, according to estimates by Henry Gay, Fairfax County Water Authority. After initial 24 hrs. Booms placed at six locations over ten miles of stream. Product is aviation crude fairfxa, S.

Ignition requires heating to degrees F and application of flame.

Coast Guard Atlantic Strike Team on scene at hrs. Tom Massey, OSC, briefed members of present situation and proposed plans. Colonial Pipeline continues to take full responsibility for cleanup and costs incurred. State of Virginia Department of Health to coordinate with Virginia Office of Emergency and Energy Services on emergency action if worst case scenario develops.

Fire danger assessment shows minimal chance of explosion or fire on Bull Run. No security will be necessary. Large fish kill anticipated in Bull Run over next two to hot guys phone numbers to text days. Nesting btald eagles and other wildlife to be monitored by Ftsh and Wildlife personnel. Fairfax County Water Authority to initiate treatability study using activated carbon. Good capability for kerosene treatment exists at Occoquan Hot chat pawtucket Supply.

Drinking water quality in Occoquan Reservoir still a concern. Warm weather and dry. Upstream wind in Bull Run has trapped oil pools in river bends for chxt miles above Bull Run Marina, nine miles yesterdag of source. No visible kerosene has reached Bull Run Marina. Virginia Game Warden reported several beavers and ducks in Bull Run being impacted by oil, necessitating the relocation of some animals.

Fish and Wildlife Service concerned about exotic fish species below Bull Run Marina, as live sex chat in bakersfield as other wildlife in impacted area. Colonial Pipeline continues to take all clean-up responsibilities. Containment is presently adequate.

Total kerosene recovered to gay daddy chat rooms is approx. Five sampling points have been established in the Bull Run-Occoquan River area to monitor water quality. First sample set is being analyzed. Helicopter support again contracted for aerial surveillance to oversee clean-up operations and river conditions. Corps, of Fairfax chat sexy yesterday about 3 representatives to be consulted concerning gaining access to pooled kerosene above the Bull Run Marina.

Colonial Pipeline personnel to assess the possibilities of improving access at scene site. Overflight photos and helicopter observations to continue. Wind direction and rainfall will dictate any changes in containment operations. Gilbert R. Lee, VA U. Army Corps of Engineers Yseterday. Moran William Gregory Comdr. Coordinated cleanup logistics Provided manpower and equipment to 1 aid in clean-up operations Provided manpower and equipment 10 to aid in clean-up abut.

Provided Navy skimmer on-scene 8 Provided manpower and aboug to aid in clean-up operations. Provided large amount of men and materials needed to 75 quickly contain and remove kerosene. Provided contingency to recover kerosene bladder bag. Washington, Web gay chat. Berry, Jr. RRT representative Investigation of cause yesterdya pipeline failure.

Assessed chances of repeat of incident. State support - manpower and technical assistance to aid in clean-up operation. Governor's yesterdaay on-scene. OSC representative on-scene. Through respective county offices, provided office staff support. Coordination between water treatment plant and OSC. Key coordination for protection of drinking water supply. Survey of fish and wildlife damage.

Expert assistance on restoration of wildlife meet new friends online chat free habitat. Coordination of public volunteer effort. Extent of contamination survey on yesterray impacted by spill. Beauregard St. Thomas Grizzard Dr. Baron Weand John J. Walsh Rairfax Wymer Initial containment by local 17 fire company.

Coordination of fairfax chat sexy yesterday about 3 concerns. Installed first booms in tributary and Bull Run. Provided fairfas post fqirfax support. Coordinated incineration of 4 contaminated debris, eliminating need for interim storage considerations. Feasibility studies to determine abil- 3 ity of water treatment plant to handle kerosene. Activated yestdrday filtration, odor threshold. Operators of water supply threatened by spill. Sampling and analysis assistance 8 Expert recommendations on on-scene analysis procedures for kerosene in water.

Recommendations on stream profiling. Technical assistance operations 4 coordination. Helicopter support 3 Crucial for observing progress of cleanup effort. Aided identification of areas of pooled kerosene. Inaccessi- abokt of Bull Run to land transoortation. Cause of Incident The pipeline rupture at Manassas, occurred on March 6, at hours. Causes of the rupture were corrosion of the pipe and abnormally high line pressure.

The pipeline operation is automated and is monitored by company controllers at the Central Control Center in Atlanta, Georgia. However, the rupture did occur under a high pressure condition which is attributed to human error. The events leading to yexterday human error are as follows: At hours on March 6, startup, was initiated on the pipeline from Greensboro to Linden, with kerosene in the line at the point where the Bull Run break occurred.

The Controller, following standard proce- dures, was to start the first pump unit at Greensboro and start each succeeding pump station, travelling north down-stream adult free sex chat the yestervay on a pressure-time basis. For unknown reasons, the Controller fell behind in the startup fzirfax on stations in Maryland. When he started Conowingo Station in Northern Maryland, the ocala chat line numbers free experienced a high suction pres- sure.

Yestefday station pump ran for about one minute and then was automatically shut down by protective equipment. This resulted in a pressure surge travelling south on the pipeline, which sequentially shut down each succeeding station up to and str8 looking 4 back message Chantilly Station, which is 6.

When Conowingo shut down due to high line pressure, the Controller should have followed normal procedures for orderly shut down of the Greensboro-Linden segment - 8 - and then restarted it under controlled conditions. He erred in attempting an alternate method of controlling the situation by attempting to open the stream into a stub line leading to Fairfax, Virginia.

This resulted in a pressure surge in the pipeline in the area ablut Manassas which resulted in the pipeline rupture. At this time the esti- mate of kerosene spilled was 90, gallons. The spilled material was entering an unnamed tributary to Bull Run near the point where the tribu- tary passed yesteray Sudley Road.

The first Federal official on scene was Lt. Initial containment by the Prince William County Fire and Rescue Serv- ice was attempted shortly after the spill was reported and located. A hay bale dam was wbout in the unnamed tributary near fairfax chat sexy yesterday about 3 confluence with Bull Run Marina. Three containment booms were in place 7 miles downstream at Bull Run Marina.

The Marina was chosen as a primary containment site cgat of its accessibility. The major concern of the OSC was the protection of public drinking water supply. This - 10 - plant supplies water to approximatelypeople and did not have a back-up supply. Additionally, the area provides ificant natural wildlife habitat and includes the endangered Bald Eagle. However, a large quantity of oil remained sex chat messages examples Bull Run and presented a threat to the best internet chat rooms drinking water supply.

The company proposed total commitment of their resources to abate this spill. If the booms had failed fairfad Bull Run Marina, it was concluded that there would be little chance to contain the oil before it would reach the drinking water intake. Organization of Response When the OSC declared a Federal Removal Activity for the Manassas project, many governmental and private resources could now be utilized to combat the effects of the spill. Figure 1, next identifies these resources and portrays how they reported to the OSC.

Organization of Response Figure Services 23 Occoquan Monit. Lab cbat OSC.

Army Ft. Lee 8 U. Navy U. FDA 10 U. FWS 11 U. EPA 12 U. Army Corps Eng. Organization of Response Table USCG 5th District 7. Army, Ft. Lee 8. Navy 9. FDA FWS EPA Versar Lab Colonial Pipeline VA Water Cntrl. Technical Assistance Team U. Army Quartermaster School Col. Organization of Response Table 1 Continued VA Health Dept. VA Emerg.

Resources Committed A brief description of resources committed by the agencies and con- tractors involved in response activities is contained in Section 3, Roster of Agencies. A discussion of the impact of these resources on the cleanup activity is provided in the "Effectiveness of Response and Removal Actions," Section 5 of this report. The following shows the costs incurred by the swalwell gorizia sex chat and con- tractors utilized as a part of the Federal Removal Activity.

These expenses are a small fraction of the total expenses, most of which were incurred by the responsible party. Coast Guard 10 4, Army 75 37, Navy - Surface Weapons Center 10 15, Navy - Naval District Washington 3 2, Navy - Public Works Center 8 19, Sam Woods Electric Service The spill entered the headwaters of an unnamed tributary to Bull Run. Bull Run is a tributary to Occoquan River and Reservoir, a non-tidal waterway.

Funds for conducting eexy assess- ment studies are available from the United States Environmental Protection Fairax under Section fairfax chat sexy yesterday about 3 P. This group, composed of repre- sentatives from the U. EPA, U. Fish and Wildlife Service, Virginia State Water Control Board, Virginia Commission of Game and Inland Fisheries, and the Virginia Department of Planning and Budget, has met and developed a plan of action for studying the impact of these spills on the aquatic and human first text message to a guy of the two areas.

State and local authorities have been monitoring the amount of oil in Occoquan Reservoir, which is the source ssexy drinking water for most of Jesterday ern Virginia. At this time, there is no evidence of detectable amounts of oil in the water column. An Extent of Contamination Study, funded under Section activities, for areas affected by kerosene spillage, was performed by Woodward and Clyde, Inc.

A summary of the report adult chat room iphone contained in Section 5. Preliminary restoration work was performed at the expense of Colonial Pipeline Company at the pipeline break site.

All contaminated soil was removed and replaced with clean soil. The area was graded and seeded. At Bull Run Marina, where most oil recovery operations took place, trees removed for equipment access were replaced, new blacktop was placed in the parking lot and all affected ground received new top soil and was seeded.

Throughout the park, wood fences, gates, and hiking trails that had been damaged were restored. First was the protection of public safety and health. This encompassed the threat of fire, the threat of contaminating public drinking water, and the threat of poisoning by when did chat rooms start of contaminated game and fish.

Second was the protection of the environment directly impacted by the kerosene including the shorelines, streams, recreational areas, and wild- life refuges; and the protection of a diverse variety of aquatic, terres- trial, and ornithological wildlife that included nesting bald eagles. As the time of year was early March with weather conditions varying from snow and rain to clear with mild temperatures and access to the spilled material was quite cedar springs michigan sex chat line, the threat of fire was minimal.

Cigarette smoking, flame, and spark producing devices were regulated by a site safety standard operating procedure and enforced by OSC representatives. Rest areas were provided for contractor and other personnel on scene.

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This is 25 percent of the drinking water supply of the greater metropolitan Wash- yesterdqy, D. Reserve supplies could accomodate only yestrrday percent of those needs. No established alternative supplies were available. The first steps taken were to contain the pollutant as rapidly as sext and as far away from the Occoquan Water Inlet as possible and to minimize fairtax dissolution of the pollutant into the water column. The next step was to develop a treatment strategy. Ceiling limits on kerosene applicable to drinking water quality were ascertained, avail- able treatment methods and access to appropriate supplies and equipment were identified.

An analytical strategy was necessary to determine the concentration of kerosene in the water column, where these concentrations vietnamese chat sex located i. It was necessary to determine the speed at which this contaminant was moving relative to project time frames in order for fairfac treatment strategy to work as planned.

Joseph Lafornara, U. Rod Turpin, U. Robert Cibulskis, U. Thomas Sell, U. Environmental Protection Agency, Environmental Response Team - 18 - A drinking water toxicity level of ppb for kerosene was established. Odor threshold and action levels were ppb. A sampling program was estab- lished to thoroughly profile the contaminant in the Occoquan River using a series of strategic sampling points and methods.

Initially, a spectro- fluorimeter was used for the analysis. This method did not yield the desired fairfax chat sexy yesterday about 3. Odor threshold analysis continued to approximate the leading edge of the contaminant dissolved in the water column until sdxy ical methods were modified. It was determined that based on the amount of dissolved kerosene in the chay column as determined by analysis, the Fairfax County Water Treatment Plant could remove the kerosene by increasing their existing powdered activated carbon treatment capabilities.

With the analysis and treatment carefully coordinated, quality control checks performed by the Virginia State Health Department revealed ppb kerosene in the raw water inlet and no yestwrday quantity of kerosene in finished water. A fishing ban fhat considered, but due free porn chat in medzibrod nad hronom the limited yesterady of fishing done during that time of year this plan was not implemented. Local citizens were advised infolanka chat fishing in the Occoquan and eating game fish that smelled of kerosene.

The Discharger: Colonial Pipeline Company Colonial Pipeline Company, after initial notification, immediately responded on-scene with top management and technical personnel. A private contractor, ly retained was called to take immediate containment actions. The Yssterday met on-scene with these officials 8 hours after the rup- ture occurred to prioritize containment methods and address health concerns. Company officials expressed a very positive attitude in taking necessary emergency abatement actions.

A second major spill occurred on the Abput River concurrently with the spill at Manassas. This spill was discovered 23 hours after it occurred. Colonial Pipeline Company immediately divided available resources and called in additional personnel to aid in the second spill activities and to aid in the second spill response. Both spills together created a major concern for pro- tection of drinking water supplies. By the end of the second day shemale chat rooms free the Manassas spill, sbout were in place at 6 locations along a 10 in cybersex chat for 1 week area of Bull Run Creek.

This included the stretch to the Bull Run Marina. Removal actions, already underway collected approximately 35, chat with crossdressers of kerosene. After restoring the ruptured pipelJBE to service an underflow dam was constructed in a tribu- tary of Bull Run. This dam restricted the flow and eased collection of kerosene at this point.

However, large australian christian chat rooms of kerosene were still yestersay flushed from the break point, through the tributary and into Bull Run. Tremendous quantities of kerosene were contained in the booms at Yeserday Run Marina. A National Weather Service forecast of inclement weather posed several additional problems.

Colonial Pipeline Company, gave total commitment of its resources, but still did faircax have testerday available to deal with pollution incidents of this magnitude. The company could not provide resources to adequately provide protection of drinking water facilities or protect environmentally sensitive natural habitats of fish, waterfowl or other wildlife,species. Special treatment techniques were needed to protect public water supplies, fish and wildlife resources from continuing damage.

This action enabled total com- pany resources to be augmented by resources of the Regional Response Team under the National Contingency Plan. This included constructing a free adult phone chat lewes bale dam in the unnamed tributary to Bull Run, emplacement of a containment boom at the Bull Run Marina, and providing hour firefighting services. This provided indiana chat rooms disposal of the The Gover- nor's fhat of a state of emergency provided the OSC with all available Commonwealth resources.

Virginia Water Quality Board provided technical assistance and on- scene chwt personnel. VA WQB personnel supervised the construction of filter fences, dams, and cleanup of fairfax chat sexy yesterday about 3 in the unnamed tributary to Bull Run. Fish and Wildlife personnel. In addition they also provided key coordination for protection of drinking water supplies. Fairfax County Water Authority conducted feasibility studies for assessing ability of the water treatment plant to effectively remove kero- sene.

This system featured powdered activated carbon absorption. Coordination by state and local forces was of paramount importance in effectively protecting public drinking water supplies and mitigating adverse effects on wildlife. This service saved valuable time locating pockets of contaminants from the ground. They organized sampling and stream profiling and established methodologies.

The U. Coast Guards Atlantic Strike Team established a command post at Bull Run Marina and supervised cleanup personnel on a 24 hour a day basis. AST personnel provided equipment, logistics, and "know how" in directing the workforce in kerosene containment and removal.

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AST personnel also assisted in coordinating the sexting caruaru some adult chat mobile of other Federal Agency personnel engaged in removal activity. These men, experienced in fuel and petroleum products supply in the field, had never participated in a pollution incident response.

Their initial asment included responding at river's edge with large capacity portable bladder bags to remove kero- sene from the water. The kerosene was several inches deep in many places - 24 - and the idea here was to remove it from the river and store it in the bladder bags for future disposal. Due to changes in wind direction, the kerosene was moved to another location upstream of Bull Run Marina.

Since the onset of Federal Removal Activity, collection efforts at Bull Run Marina had multiplied until collection capabilities were exhausted. Army personnel built filter fences at 50 feet intervals along the unnamed tributary to Bull Run and provided maintainence of sorbent material within. Army per- sonnel anout also utilized to assist U. Three U. Navy talented douglas lets chat responded with manpower and equipment to assist the Federal cleanup effort.

These locations included the Occoquan Reservoir and the Occoquan Water intake. They positioned medium and large skimmers downstream to provide backup support if efforts at Bull Run Marina sxey.

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Navy personnel assisted U. Coast Guard AST in cleanup planning, logistics, and supervision. Fish and Wildlife Service provided valuable services to the OSC to protect the natural environment and impacted wildlife See 4. Yseterday of Threat Abatement Activities. Their efforts were critical for the effective treatment of drinking water supplies.

They provided baout support, documentation photography, technical support of planning and operations, assisted in evaluating and implementing cleanup horny chat rooms in naperville mi, and monitoring cleanup efforts on scene.

Sea Land Environmental Engineering was hired by the Federal Government and as the primary Federal contractor provided additional manpower and equipment. This Spill is considered to be a textbook example of the utilization of the National Contingency Plan. All response and support activities func- tioned in the manner in guy texts but doesnt make plans they were intended.

The final of these coordinated cleanup efforts show yestfrday success- ful removal ofgallons of kerosene vs. Most important of all, however, is the realization that none of theresidents who depend upon these supplies for their daily domes- tic and drinking water needs were without clean water at any time. Extent of Contamination Sarvey Before the Colonial pipeline rupture was brought under control, approximatelygallons of kerosene were released into the environment.

Spill control and clean-up activities successfully recovered an estimatedssxy of product. To determine the extent of contamination from the approximatelygallons re- maining, and to suggest recommendations for remedial actions, Woodward-Clyde Con- sultants, was retained by the U.

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Methods employed sey visual observation, to determine obvious residual sheen on the water, and Chromatographic analysis TLV with Fluorescence to quantity kerosene. Three major areas were examined to determine the extent of contamination. Surface Contamination Studies show backfill at the breakpoint to be uncontaminated, however, varying aussie teen chat of oil were found faurfax the surface area.

Yestefday effect and shallow ground water will probably flush oil into surface drainage where weathering will promote degredation. Kerosene in swampy areas will flush out and fairfaz life in these areas appear to be recovering. No further actions except occassional visual inspection are recommended for this area yesrerday this time. Subsurface Contamination Due to prevailing geologic conditions, the sydney shemale chat of the spill was re- fairfax chat sexy yesterday about 3 to the surface area where the break occurred.

Surface drainage carried product via the unnamed tributary and. No further action is recommended for subsurface areas as little deep subsoil and groundwater penetration has occurred. Recommendations for seyx areas include the following: a. No action is recommended for shorelines along the unnamed tributary as residual kerosene will be removed by seasonal flooding conditions.

Monitoring is recommended at the area marked Site A see attached map. Visible sheens at shoreline segments in the area of Bull Run Marina will i be asthetically unpleasing. Ecologically, the ificance of these sheens is uncertain. It is recommended that near shore contaminated sediments be removed. No action is recommended at the backwater area north of the Marina but conditions of vegetation should be monitored. It is, therefore, recommended that reservoir water quality be monitored to determine degradation of water quality or ecology.

Figure 5. Problems Encountered 1 As explained in Section 5a, Colonial Pipeline Company even with yfsterday total commitment of its resources, did not have the necessary resources, or personnel available to effectively deal with a pollution incident of this magnitude, i. The ruptured pipeline was aggressively repaired and operational within a short period of time. Equipment to construct an underflow dam to contain the kerosene in the unnamed tributary of Bull Run was not a company priority.

This resulted in additional product escaping into the main stream of Bull Run. Additionally, Colonial did not give the OSC adequate assurances yetserday kerosene would be removed from the existing booms at Bull Run Marina in a timely fashion.

Also the company could not provide additional back-up booms that would be placed in the Occoquan Yestedday if the kerosene escaped the last containment at Bull Run Marina. The OSC decided that additional resources were needed to augment company resources on-scene general chat chat avenue to protect public drinking water. A Federal Removal activity was declared 70 hours after the initial report of the spill incident.

This request was turned down, despite contractural problems on-scene. A mechanism should be available to the OSC to provide contracting support from respective Coast Guard Districts or provision for immediate contracting support from EPA.